I am grateful to be able to live, work, and play on the traditional, ancestral, and unceded territory of the Syilx (Okanagan) people. To find out more about Indigenous territories where you live, consult

This online book borrows some material generously made openly available by the following keen educators:

It has also benefited from valuable input from the many BIOL202 students and teaching assistants who have helped me over the years. Thank you!

Clerissa Copeland, Jordan Katchen, and Mathew Vis-Dunbar helped with some of the content development and with identifying links to other UBCO Biology material. Thanks!